ZONDEK


ZONDEK
ZONDEK, family of physicians. MAX ZONDEK (1868–1933), physician born in Wronke in the province of Posen who specialized in surgery and the study of renal diseases. In 1913 he was appointed titular professor of surgery in Berlin. He was the author of numerous publications on surgical subjects, among them Die Topographie der Niere und ihre Bedeutung fuer die Nieren-Chirurgie (1903); Zur Chirurgie der Ureteren (1905); and Die chirurgischen Erkrankungen der Nieren und Harnleiter (1924). His nephew, HERMANN ZONDEK (1887–1979), endocrinologist, was also born in Wronke. He served as assistant at the Charité Hospital in Berlin and later became associate professor at the Friedrich Wilhelm University of Berlin and director of the municipal hospital. He left Germany in 1933, spent a year in England, and then settled in Jerusalem, where he took charge of the internal medical division of Bikkur Ḥolim hospital and subsequently became professor of endocrinology at the Hebrew University. Hermann was a pioneer in the study of the thyroid gland and disturbances arising from its dysfunction. He was the first to record the cardiac symptoms occurring as the result of thyroid insufficiency. He showed that administration of iodine normalizes the raised metabolism in hyperthyroidism and demonstrated that both thyroid hyper – and hypofunction may be of primary pituitary origin. He made studies on hormonal activity in general and evolved the theory that an endocrine disease may be a result of an abnormal reactivity of the peripheral tissues as well as of a primary endocrine malfunction (peripheral theory). He was the first to point out the inverse relationship between urinary nitrogen and sodium chloride excretion in certain renal disturbances. Zondek made several studies of the pituitary diencephalic system and its relation to certain ocular disturbances. He wrote books and articles on various aspects of endocrinology. His memoirs, Auf festern Fusse, appeared in 1982. His brother, BERNHARD ZONDEK (1891–1966), endocrinologist and gynecologist, was also born in Wronke. He was an assistant in the Charité Hospital in the department of obstetrics and gynecology. He became associate professor at Berlin University and later head of the obstetrical and gynecological department of the municipal hospital in Berlin. When   Hitler rose to power, he left Germany for Palestine where he became professor of gynecology and obstetrics and head of the hormone research laboratory at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Bernhard is best known for the pregnancy test which he developed together with Selmar Aschheim in 1927. They demonstrated that the excretion of gonadotropin in the urine is a constant early symptom of pregnancy. His later investigations dealt with methods of preparing estrogenic and gonadotropic hormones, the effect of estrogen in castrates, the induction of uterine bleeding with progesterone, estrogenic substances in the Dead Sea, and hormonal treatments of various diseases. Zondek's contributions significantly advanced the knowledge of hormonal therapy. He was the author of many scientific publications and recipient of many honors. He was awarded the Israel Prize in 1958. A third brother, SAMUEL GEORG ZONDEK (1894–1970), physician, was best known for his studies on electrolytes and therapy of heart diseases. He developed a theory concerning the relationship between the autonomous nervous system and the electrolytes. He called attention to the importance of potassium for the growth of cells and studied the causes of extra-renal uremia. Samuel Georg was born in Wronke, and in 1926 became associate professor at Berlin University. He left Germany with the rise of Hitler and became chief of the division of internal medicine at Hadassah Hospital, Tel Aviv. He was the author of numerous medical publications. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S.R. Kagan, Jews in Medicine (1952), 279–80, 282–4, 341, 450. (Suessmann Muntner)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Zondek — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bernhard Zondek (1891–1966), deutscher Gynäkologe Hermann Zondek (1887–1979), bekannter Arzt Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zondek — Zọndek,   Bernhard, Frauenarzt, * Wronki (Woiwodschaft Piła) 29. 7. 1891, ✝ New York 8. 11. 1966; wurde 1926 Professor in Berlin, arbeitete 1929 33 am Krankenhaus Berlin Spandau, 1933 44 an der Universitätsklinik in Jerusalem. Grundlegend sind… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Zondek, Bernhard — (1891–1966)    Israel gynaecologist. Having made his reputation in Berlin, Zondek left his native Germany on Hitler’s rise to power and became professor of gynaecology and obstetrics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He was best known for… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Zondek, Bernhard — (1891 1966)    Israeli gynaeco logist. He worked in Berlin, and left Germany with the Nazis rise to power. He became professor of gynaecology and obstetrics at th Hebrew University in Jerusalem. He was head of the hormone research laboratory at… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • ЦÓНДЕК (Zondek) Бернхард — (Zondek) Бернхард (1891–1966), нем. гинеколог и эндокринолог. С 1933 в Стокгольме, с 1934 в Иерусалиме. Тр. по вопросам внутр. секреции и роли половых гормонов в физиологии и патологии жен. организма. В 1927 предложил (совм. с З. Ашгеймом)… …   Биографический словарь

  • Bernhard Zondek — (* 29. Juli 1891 in Wronke, Posen; † 8. November 1966 in New York) war ein deutscher Gynäkologe und Bruder der Hochschullehrer Hermann Zondek (1887–1979) und Samuel Georg Zondek (1894–1970) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernhard Zondek — (1891 1966), hébreu : ברנרד צונדק, était un gynécologue israélien d origine allemande ayant développé le premier test de grossesse fiable en 1928. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Carrière médicale 3 Découvertes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bernhard Zondek — Infobox Person name=Bernhard Zondek image size= caption= birth date=July 29, 1891 birth place=Wronke, Germany death date=November 8, 1966 death place= Israel death cause= resting place= resting place coordinates= residence= nationality= other… …   Wikipedia

  • Aschheim-Zondek'sche Reaktion — Die Aschheim Zondek Reaktion (AZR) nach den Gynäkologen Selmar Aschheim (1878 1965) und Bernhard Zondek (1891 1966) war ein früher häufig verwendetes Verfahren zur frühen Feststellung einer möglichen Schwangerschaft durch die Ausschüttung von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hermann Zondek — (* 4. September 1887 in Wronke, Posen; † 11. Juli 1979 in Jerusalem) war ein Arzt. Hermann Zondek studierte in Göttingen und Berlin, wo er 1912 promovierte. 1918 habilitierte er sich für das Fach Innere Medizin, wurde 1922 zum außerordentlichen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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